Tenerife is not only an island of extraordinary natural beauty for its coasts and crystal clear waters; it is also a treasure of terrestrial biodiversity. The island offers a unique habitat for an astonishing variety of plants and animals, many of which are endemic and found nowhere else in the world. From lush, cloud forests to arid volcanic plains, Tenerife is a microcosm of ecosystems that surprises and fascinates.

Flora: A Colorful Carpet of Life

One of the first things that strikes visitors to Tenerife is the richness of its flora. The island boasts more than 1400 species of plants, with a surprising percentage of endemics. The laurisilva forests of the Anaga Rural Park are an extraordinary example of this natural heritage. These forests, which cover the misty mountains of the north of the island, are a relic of the Tertiary era and offer an insight into a plant world that once covered much of the southern Mediterranean.

Equally fascinating are the landscapes of the Teide National Park, where the flora adapts to extreme conditions. Here, vegetation is sparse but incredibly resilient, with species such as the Teide retama, a shrub that flowers in spectacular white contrasting with the lava black, and the Teide violet, the smallest of the genus and endemic to the park. By having experiences like the trekking or horseback riding you will be able to admire this.

The Fauna: Small Inhabitants, Great Wonders

Tenerife's terrestrial fauna is also notable, although less visible than its rich marine biodiversity. The birds, in particular, are one of the main attractions. The national park is home to the Teide finch, an endemic species of the island that has adapted to living in the harsh conditions of the volcano. Other birds such as the Tenerife owl and the common raven are often spotted among the laurel trees and in rocky areas.

Among the invertebrates, butterflies such as the Vanessa vulcania, endemic to the Canaries, add a touch of color to the landscape, while various species of lizards and the Tenerife giant lizard play a crucial role in the island's ecosystem, contributing to seed dispersal and insect control.

Conservation: A Priority for the Future

The conservation of Tenerife's terrestrial flora and fauna is fundamental. The island has implemented several measures to protect its unique ecosystems, including the creation of national parks such as the Loro Park, Jungle Park and protected areas. These efforts not only help conserve Tenerife's biodiversity for future generations but also provide opportunities for scientific research and environmental education.

An Invitation to Discovery

For nature lovers and hikers, Tenerife offers endless possibilities for exploration. Every path and every corner of the island hide unique evolutionary stories, plants of rare beauty and small inhabitants that contribute to the richness of life on the island. Visiting Tenerife doesn't just mean enjoying its beaches and climate; it also means discovering a world of natural wonders waiting to be explored. Protecting and enhancing this heritage is a responsibility that we all share, to ensure that future generations can continue to admire and study this incredible ecosystem.

By clicking on the name of the excursion in blue or on the link below you can admire all the excursions where you can admire all this: